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Maritime Emergency Response Training, Testing and Validation

Lebanese Red Cross

The Lebanese Red Cross started to provide its first aid services in 1964. There were only 12 first aid volunteers at the time. In 1975, the number of volunteers increased to 150 first aiders due to the need created by the Lebanese civil war. In 1982, with the escalation of hostilities with Israel, this number increased to reach 1,000 first aiders at 27 centres. Today, there are almost 2,700 volunteers (male and female) spread over 46 first aid centres and four dispatch rooms across the country, in addition to 280 ambulances.

LRC provide emergency services on the Lebanese territories around the clock, all year long. the injured are divided into groups and treated according to the priority of their injuries. Field work is coordinated through operating rooms, which maintain communication with deployed teams and hospitals while also coordinating with the Lebanese army, Internal Security Forces, the Civil Defence, Fire Department, and other stakeholders.

The 625 were contracted undertake a program of works to assess the LRC’s operational capacity and capability to respond effectively to an emergency involving an emergency at sea involving a civilian boat, large scale loss of life, injuries and displaced persons. The program was undertaken in consultation with LRC and delivered in association with MDT Global Solutions and included:

  • Phase 1 – Capability and capacity audit
  • Phase 2 – Scheme of work development
  • Phase 3 – Definition of applicable measurement standards
  • Phase 4 – Critical appraisal of operational emergency response
  • Phase 5 – Critical appraisal of operational command, control and co-ordination
  • Phase 6 – Critical appraisal of tactical command, control and co-ordination
  • Phase 7 – Critical appraisal of emergency response education framework
  • Phase 8 – Critical appraisal of emergency response education delivery
  • Phase 9 – Capability and capacity report and recommendations

The program included live simulation exercises held in Saida (Sidon) Lebanon which were facilitated by the LRCs own Education Team, the exercises were performed at the operational and tactical levels with LRC officers assuming command roles. A coordination / dispatch centre was also tested during the exercises.

The exercise had 6 objectives –

  1. Test the participant’s knowledge of their roles and responsibilities
  2. Assess the ability of the education team to co-ordinate a mass casualty exercise
  3. Test the effectiveness of the operational level to triage
  4. Test the effectiveness of the operational level communication
  5. Assess the educational effectiveness of the exercise.
  6. Assess the LRC training team’s members individual and group critical decision-making under pressing time constraints